News

Metformin reverses PKD
Enlarge image

ResearchItaly

Metformin reverses PKD

25.03.2013 - Italian researchers have tracked down the signalling pathway causing
polycystic kidney disease and identified a promising target.

Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is one of the most common life-threatening genetic diseases, affecting an estimated 12.5 million people worldwide. Due
to multiple fluid-filled cysts, both kidneys enlarge and can also damage
liver, pancreas and - more rarely - heart and brain. Currently no treatment exists for the autosomally and recessively inherited forms of PKD.

The PKD-1 gene is mutated in 85% of the autosomal dominant form. Italian researchers have now found that the disorder can be targeted by an existing diabetes drug in combination with a glucose analogon. The team headed by Alessandra Boletta from San Raffaele Institute in Milan found that the PKD-1 mutation caused a switch in sugar metabolism towards aerobic glycolysis due to the inactivation of the master regulator AMPK (liver kinase B1-AMP activated protein kinase).

Forced activation of AMPK either by rapamycin, the diabetes medicine metformin or the non-metabolised sugar analogon 2-deoxy-glucose (2-DG) triggered reduction of the number of cysts in a mouse model. AMPK activation revitalized the ERK signalling pathway which re-activated mTORC1 that in turn normalised glycolysis. The researchers believe that a combination therapy of 2-DG and metformin offers a treatment opportunity for the progressive disease.

© eurobiotechnews.eu/tg

http://www.european-biotechnology-news.com/news/news/2013-01/metformin-reverses-genetic-kidney-diseas.html

BusinessUK

20.08.2014 Biopharmaceutical contract manufacturer Fujifilm Diosynth Biotechnologies is expanding its cell culture manufacturing capacity further with a new 2,000l single-use bioreactor at the company’s site in Billingham, UK.

BusinessEUGermanyUK

15.08.2014 Some of Europe’s biggest pharma companies are competing in a bidding war for US biotech Intermune Inc., Bloomberg reports, citing insider reports as the source.

ResearchEUGermanyUK

13.08.2014 The Ebola epidemic is still raging on in West Africa and thus far there is

neither vaccine nor cure for the viral disease. The only flickers of hope:

an experimental antibody serum and an early-stage vaccine.

BusinessFrance

11.08.2014 Will Sanofi succeed where Pfizer failed? The French pharmaceutical company has taken on the commercialisation of Mannkind Corporation’s inhaled insulin product Afrezza.

ResearchSwedenGermany

08.08.2014 Boehringer Ingelheim is walking away from Swedish Orexo's prostaglandin inhibition project OX-MPI. Germany's largest researching pharmaceutical company had been responsible for the project's research and development since 2005.

ResearchSwitzerlandDenmark

06.08.2014 Roche is re-expanding its involvement in RNAi technologies. The Swiss pharmaceutical company will pay up to €335m for the acquisition of the Danish company Santaris Pharma A/S.

ResearchUKSwitzerland

03.08.2014 In its efforts to become the leading country in genetic research, the UK has attracted investments worth more than £300m (€376m) to map 100,000 human genomes by 2017.

BusinessSpainUKSweden

31.07.2014 Astrazeneca is buying the rights to Almirall’s respiratory drugs in a deal worth up to €1.56bn.

BusinessFranceGermanySwitzerlandUK

30.07.2014 Rumours have it that French Danone wants to sell its medical nutrition business to US drugmaker Hospira for US$5bn in yet another tax inversion deal.

Events

All Events

Current issue

All issues

Product of the week

Products

Stock list

All quotes

TOP

  • SANTHERA74.95 CHF10.30%
  • BIOTEST80.50 EUR6.83%
  • WILEX2.22 EUR5.71%

FLOP

  • 4SC1.20 EUR-6.25%
  • VITA 343.78 EUR-2.83%
  • EPIGENOMICS3.12 EUR-2.50%

TOP

  • MAGFORCE6.50 EUR20.4%
  • LONZA101.10 CHF9.2%
  • SANTHERA74.95 CHF7.8%

FLOP

  • WILEX2.22 EUR-32.3%
  • VITA 343.78 EUR-20.1%
  • MOLOGEN7.80 EUR-17.5%

TOP

  • SANTHERA74.95 CHF3556.1%
  • CO.DON2.50 EUR228.9%
  • PAION2.40 EUR185.7%

FLOP

  • CYTOS0.27 CHF-93.3%
  • MEDIGENE4.60 EUR-66.4%
  • THERAMETRICS0.08 CHF-46.7%

No liability assumed, Date: 20.08.2014