25.03.2013 - Italian researchers have tracked down the signalling pathway causing
polycystic kidney disease and identified a promising target.
Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is one of the most common life-threatening genetic diseases, affecting an estimated 12.5 million people worldwide. Due to multiple fluid-filled cysts, both kidneys enlarge and can also damage liver, pancreas and - more rarely - heart and brain. Currently no treatment exists for the autosomally and recessively inherited forms of PKD.
The PKD-1 gene is mutated in 85% of the autosomal dominant form. Italian researchers have now found that the disorder can be targeted by an existing diabetes drug in combination with a glucose analogon. The team headed by Alessandra Boletta from San Raffaele Institute in Milan found that the PKD-1 mutation caused a switch in sugar metabolism towards aerobic glycolysis due to the inactivation of the master regulator AMPK (liver kinase B1-AMP activated protein kinase).
Forced activation of AMPK either by rapamycin, the diabetes medicine metformin or the non-metabolised sugar analogon 2-deoxy-glucose (2-DG) triggered reduction of the number of cysts in a mouse model. AMPK activation revitalized the ERK signalling pathway which re-activated mTORC1 that in turn normalised glycolysis. The researchers believe that a combination therapy of 2-DG and metformin offers a treatment opportunity for the progressive disease.
29.07.2015 Newly founded Mereo BioPharma has acquired three mid-stage clinical assets from Novartis. In turn, the Swiss pharma concern will hold a stake in the UK company. Other investors are also on board.
24.07.2015 Biotech companies across Europe continue to raise cash on the public markets, generating €3bn in total financing proceedings in the first half of 2015. Compared to 2014, this is almost twice as much.
23.07.2015 US money keeps flowing into Europe's biotechs. As the race for the peanut allergy market heats up, NASDAQ listed French biotech DBV has announced the successful closing of US$281m (€256m) share offering for its allergy products.
16.07.2015 Sanofi has announced plans to restructure its business in five standalone global business units starting in January 2016. The goal is to promote growth and help the company launch a catalogue of new drugs over the next five years.
15.07.2015 GlaxoSmithKline (GSK) has become the first drugmaker to join the Francis Crick Institute. It is a consortium made up of six scientific and academic institutes to conduct research and drug development in the UK. The new institute is set to become a world-leading centre of biomedical research and innovation.
10.07.2015 Karolinska Development has slashed the reported value of its portfolio by almost half by revising its valuation model for early stage companies and divesting its shares in pain med maker Pharmanest.
The BioShake series contains high-speed mixer and thermal mixer for small and very small volumes in microplates and reaction tubes and allows for the first time high precise and efficient mixing in the microliter scale for a wide range of applications. more