News

Tomato genome decoded
Enlarge image

ResearchUKSpainBelgiumItaly

Tomato genome decoded

31.05.2012 - Researchers have decoded the tomato genome, laying the foundation for smart breeding of other species of the solanaceae family.

Ghent, Rome, Harpenden, Washington – A consortium of 300 researchers from 14 countries has decoded 80% of the tomato genome, and 90% of its 35,000 protein-coding genes. The leaders of the UK arm of the Tomato Genome Consortium (TGC), Graham Seymour at the University of Nottingham and Gerard Bishop, formerly of Imperial College London, stressed the sequence will make precision breeding possible not just in tomatoes, but also in other crop species from the Solanaceae or nightshade family, such as aubergines and peppers.

They said it could help to develop tomato varieties that can survive pests, pathogens and even climate change, as well as high-yield crops that still have a good flavour. “It’s really all about making a better tomato,” commented Allen Van Deynze, a molecular geneticist at the Seed Biotechnology Center at the University of California, Davis. “This work enables a lot of things we just couldn’t do before.”

 The researchers compared the sequences a domesticated tomato variety used to produce the famous ketchup („Heinz1706“) and its closest wild relative, /Solanum pimpinellifolium/ and its functional consequences.  "For any characteristic of the tomato, whether it's taste, natural pest resistance or nutritional content, we've captured virtually all those genes," said James Giovannoni from the Boyce Thompson Institute for Plant Research at Cornell University, who was part of the U.S. tomato sequencing team.  The research also offers some insight into how the tomato ripens and how its relatives diversified and adapted to new environments.  Using traditional Sanger sequencing, the TGC started its work in 2003 but the genome sequence still had major holes by 2008. Next generation sequencing helped the consortium to close the gaps and to translate the genetic information into biological functions. Belgian experts from VIB and University Ghent mainly lead the gene prediction that translated the raw genome sequence in biological knowledge.

http://www.european-biotechnology-news.com/news/news/2012-02/tomato-genome-decoded.html

RegulationEU

21.01.2015 The EMA is asking for comments on how to implement the transparency rules of EU Clinical Trial Regulation, pointing to the new clinical trial portal and database as the main instrument.

Stock marketsEUGermany

21.01.2015 2014 was a record year for biotech companies on the European stock market, with a total of €2.4bn raised in the year - 25% more than in the year before.

ResearchEUUK

20.01.2015 Ebola research projects are set to receive €215m in funding from the European Commission’s IMI2 Ebola+ programme. Among the project partners are vaccine developers Glaxosmithkline, Johnson&Johnson and Merck. 

Stock ExchangeUKDenmarkFrance

16.01.2015 It's time to get used to weekly IPO plans by European biotechs. UK's drug discovery firm Redx Pharma Ltd, established just five years ago, has come of age with their £80m (€105m) IPO plans.

M&ASwitzerland

14.01.2015 Pharma kingpin Roche has launched a billion-dollar transaction for a total of US$1.2bn (€1bn), taking over the majority of US cancer specialist Foundation Medicine.

PoliticsEU

14.01.2015 The European Parliament has backed the legislation allowing individual countries to restrict or prohibit the cultivation of genetically modified crops that have been authorised at EU level.

M&AIrelandUK

13.01.2015 Shire beefs up its rare disease portfolio after acquiring NPS Pharma with the aim of becoming a leading biotech in a US$5.2bn deal. Part of the deal is the US biotech's lead portfolio of gastrointestinal and hormone replacement therapies.

M&ASwitzerlandFrance

09.01.2015 The excitement surrounding CRISPR genome editing shows no sign of abating. This month, Novartis and US biotech Intellia Therapeutics became the first ever biotech-pharma collaboration to use the groundbreaking technology.

PoliticsBelgium

08.01.2015 Belgian cell therapy specialist Cardio3 Biosciences joins the immuno-oncology arena with the acquisition of Celdara Medical's cancer division Oncyte for US$180m.

PoliticsIrelandEU

06.01.2015 With the aim to utilise Ireland’s many natural resources and keep abreast of the latest EU developments in bioeconomy, a multi-disciplinary team has been funded to maximise national income, exports and job creation related to Ireland’s bioeconomy.

Events

All Events

Current issue

All issues

Product of the week

Products