ItalyItaly

How close to the tree does it fall?

29.08.2010

San Michele all’Adige – The genetic code of the Golden Delicious apple has been deciphered. Led by Riccardo Velasco at the Edmund Mach Foundation in San Michele all’Adige in Italy’s Trentino province, a team of scientists from 20 institutions all over the world took two years to unravel the apple’s DNA. It’s the largest plant genome decoded to date (Nature Genetics, 29 August 2010).
The apple and its close relative, the pear, both have 17 chromosomes. That’s about twice the number of chromosomes in other plants from the same family. Sequencing the tree’s genome revealed that long stretches of certain chromosomes are copied in others, and many of the duplicate genes in apple trees are related to fruit development.
The apple DNA study suggests that a major step in the evolution of the apple coincided with a catastrophic event some 60 million years ago, and may have been a survival response during a period of mass extinctions. Velaso said that sequencing the genome “would have huge implications for applied breeding.” He thinks the data will soon be used by experts to “help us to develop high quality traits and bring new products to the apple market.” At the moment, there are around 7,500 recognised varieties of apple.

ItalyItaly

07.03.2012

Toscana Biomarkers S.r.l has entered the market for biomarkers with its first diagnostic kit. In late January, the company from Siena signed a licence agreement with DIESSE Ricerche S.r.l, based in Genoa. DIESSE will produce and...

ItalyItaly

07.03.2012

Italian researchers have reprogrammed neonatal cardiomyocytes into iPSCs that can re-differentiate toward CMs more efficiently than either cardiac fibroblast-derived iPS cells or even ES cells. (Cell Death Differ.,...

ItalyItaly

09.01.2012

Rome – A cold virus isolated from chimpanzees might work as an vector for human vaccines. Adenoviruses are principally suitable as vectors for vaccines for their ability to induce strong immune responses. But as most humans have...

ItalyItaly

16.12.2011

Milan/Turku – Italian drug developer Newron SpA has had a roller-coaster ride in the last few months. First Merck Serono decided to drop its stake in the company’s Parkinson’s Disease candidate salfinamide, and returned the...

ItalyItaly

15.12.2011

Genoa/Irvine – Researchers from the universities at Genoa and Irvine (US) have patented a new compound that blocks removal of the endo­cannabinoid painkiller anandamide from the synaptic space by a selective transport system....

ItalyItaly

01.10.2011

Parma/Baranzate – Chiesi Farmaceutici Spa has said it will lengthen its long-term collaboration with NiKem Research, which is focused on developing treatments within the respiratory therapeutic area. The two drug developers have...

ItalyItaly

01.10.2011

Milan/Turku – Biotie Therapies ASA’s announcement that it had signed an agreement to acquire Newron Pharma­ceuticals S.p.A. for €45m is both good and bad news for the Italian biotechnology sector. While Italy is losing one of its...

ItalyItaly

19.08.2011

Como – Shares in Gentium SpA lost about a third of their value on Thursday after The Italian biopharmaceutical company withdrew a marketing application for its drug Defibrotide being used against complications related to stem...

ItalyItaly

01.08.2011

Milan/London – Italy’s MolMed SpA has signed a deal with UK-based pharmaceutical giant GlaxoSmithKline to develop a production process for a gene therapy against the rare ‘bubble boy disease’. Over the next two years, GSK will...

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