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Adjuvant action

18.08.2011

Liège – A Belgian research team from the University of Liège’s GIGA-Research centre has discovered an unexpected mode of action for the vaccine adjuvant alum. The team discovered that when a vaccine containing alum is injected into a patient, contact with the substance encourages certain host cells to release their own DNA. The presence of this DNA outside the cells subsequently acts as a stimulant to the immune system, and strongly boosts the response to the vaccine. (Nature Medicine, doi:10.1038/nm.2403) Alum, a salt of aluminium, is by far the most widely used vaccine adjuvant. Developed in the middle of the 20th century, alum long ago demonstrated its effectiveness and safety of use. Tens of millions of doses of alum are administered each year, and anyone who has been given a series of vaccines has probably been injected with the substance at least once. But in spite of its widespread use, the way alum helps the immune system has not been properly understood up until now. The response mechanisms to DNA that the new study has brought to light could eventually allow the development of new adjuvants with extremely targeted and effective activity.

Politics / Law

06.03.2012

London – The European Medicines Agency (EMA) calls it “the biggest change to the legal framework since the establishment of the Agency in 1995.” This year, the EU drug regulators are preparing new so-called pharmacovigilance...

Clinical Trial

06.03.2012

Norway’s Algeta ASA (Oslo) has updated its Phase III survival analysis of Alpharadin in patients with castration-resistant prostate cancer and bone metastases. The analysis showed an increase of 3.6 months in median overall...

Clinical Trial

06.03.2012

Genticel S.A. (Toulouse) has completed enrolment in its Phase Ib study of a lyophilised version of the world’s very first therapeutic vaccine ProCervix, which inhibits infection with the cancer-causing Human Papilloma Virus. The...

Clinical Trial

06.03.2012

The share value of French specialist for cardiometabolic diseases Genfit S.A. (Loos/Lille) took a jump after the company announced its candidate drug GFT505 had met all efficacy endpoints in a pilot Phase II study involving 22...

Clinical Trial

06.03.2012

The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has granted a Biologics License Application (BLA) to the HER2 dimerisation inhibitor pertuzumab developed by Roche (Basel) for previously untreated HER2­-positive metastatic breast...

Politics / Law

06.03.2012

A For years, the world’s major patent offices – including the EPO, USPTO and JPO – have been collaborating in the Patent Prosecution Highway (PPH) programme. Under the PPH, an applicant whose claims have been allowed in one...

BioFunding

06.03.2012

Berlin/Dublin – Two EU initiatives are seeking to better predict response to cancer treatments. Researchers from the a6m RESPONSIFY Project will develop biomarker-based breast cancer prognosis tests that could be used to predict...

BioFunding

06.03.2012

Bremen/Brussels – European researchers kicked-off the MicroB3 (Bio­diversity, Bioinformatics, Biotechnology) project in February. Thanks to a a9m EU fund, the 32 groups involved will create a unique bioinformatic resource that...

BioFunding

06.03.2012

A Brussels – The European Commission is boosting its investments and policy activities to foster sustainability. “Europe needs to make the transition to a post-petroleum economy,” said Máire Geoghegan-Quinn in Brussels. In...

Politics / Law

06.03.2012

Brussels – In February, I heard of a slightly mad and very worrying trend in decisions handed down by the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) with regard to IP issues handed up from the national level for clarification....

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