ItalyItaly

Researchers decipher key molecule for onset of addiction

29.11.2010

Modena/London – Researchers from Germany, Italy and the UK have
identified a molecule that is key to the onset of addiction and also
involved into memory formation (EMBO Journal, doi:10.1038/emboj.2010.279). According to results of the team headed by Pierluigi Nicotera, expression of the type 2 ryanodine receptor (RyR2) leads to sustained increase of calcium in nerve cells, the signal responsible for rearrangement of brain connections. When the researchers blocked the Ca2+ release channel present on the endoplasmic reticulum in a mouse model for onset of drug dependence, sensitization to nicotine-induced habituated locomotion was abolished. The researchers conclude that gene-dependent reprogramming of Ca2+ signalling is involved in nicotine- or cocaine induced behavioural changes. RyR2 upregulation was itself required for long-term phosphorylation of CREB in a positive-feedback signalling loop.

ItalyItaly

04.11.2010

Rome/Milan – Together with two Italian research institutes, British drug giant Glaxo­SmithKline has begun to develop a therapy for the heriditary immune defect ADA-SCID, which affects only 350 children worldwide. Fondazione...

ItalyItaly

03.11.2010

Rome – When it comes to GMOs, the gap between Italy’s federal government and its regions that has marked the country for years is rapidly widening into a gulf. The latest rupture was on display at the October session of the...

ItalyItaly

18.09.2010

Valletta – A new Life Sciences Park is to be created on the outskirts of Malta’s capital Valletta. The EUR20m project will provide space for companies operating in biotechnology and medical sciences. The park will be located in...

ItalyItaly

17.09.2010

Verona – Scientists at Glaxo­SmithKline in Verona have discovered that specific neurons in the amygdala control how mice react to fear stimuli. When they switched off the so-called Type I cells in the animals’ amyg­dala, the mice...

ItalyItaly

29.08.2010

San Michele all’Adige – The genetic code of the Golden Delicious apple has been deciphered. Led by Riccardo Velasco at the Edmund Mach Foundation in San Michele all’Adige in Italy’s Trentino province, a team of scientists from 20...

ItalyItaly

12.07.2010

: It’s hard to be a pro-GMO campaigner in Italy. Since 2001, the regions there have not implemented the plans for coexistence that were suggested by a ministerial decree. Instead, there was a de facto Italian moratorium on GM...

ItalyItaly

10.07.2010

Milan – One of Italy’s biggest biotech players wants to raise EUR58m to boost its pipeline of cancer therapies. The round will be closed on July 16th. With operating costs of EUR22.5m and a total loss of about EUR17m in 2009,...

ItalyItaly

10.07.2010

Milan – Italian researchers have restored sight to blind patients using stem cells from the patients’ own bodies. In a study published by the New England Journal of Medicine (10.1056/NEJMoa0905955), scientists from Modena and...

ItalyItaly

13.05.2010

Rome/Maryland – The Vatican has taken a bold step into unchartered territory with its decision to finance new research into the potential use of adult stem cells for the treatment of intestinal disease and possibly other...

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