ItalyItaly

Researchers decipher key molecule for onset of addiction

29.11.2010

Modena/London – Researchers from Germany, Italy and the UK have
identified a molecule that is key to the onset of addiction and also
involved into memory formation (EMBO Journal, doi:10.1038/emboj.2010.279). According to results of the team headed by Pierluigi Nicotera, expression of the type 2 ryanodine receptor (RyR2) leads to sustained increase of calcium in nerve cells, the signal responsible for rearrangement of brain connections. When the researchers blocked the Ca2+ release channel present on the endoplasmic reticulum in a mouse model for onset of drug dependence, sensitization to nicotine-induced habituated locomotion was abolished. The researchers conclude that gene-dependent reprogramming of Ca2+ signalling is involved in nicotine- or cocaine induced behavioural changes. RyR2 upregulation was itself required for long-term phosphorylation of CREB in a positive-feedback signalling loop.

ItalyItaly

07.03.2012

Toscana Biomarkers S.r.l has entered the market for biomarkers with its first diagnostic kit. In late January, the company from Siena signed a licence agreement with DIESSE Ricerche S.r.l, based in Genoa. DIESSE will produce and...

ItalyItaly

07.03.2012

Italian researchers have reprogrammed neonatal cardiomyocytes into iPSCs that can re-differentiate toward CMs more efficiently than either cardiac fibroblast-derived iPS cells or even ES cells. (Cell Death Differ.,...

ItalyItaly

09.01.2012

Rome – A cold virus isolated from chimpanzees might work as an vector for human vaccines. Adenoviruses are principally suitable as vectors for vaccines for their ability to induce strong immune responses. But as most humans have...

ItalyItaly

16.12.2011

Milan/Turku – Italian drug developer Newron SpA has had a roller-coaster ride in the last few months. First Merck Serono decided to drop its stake in the company’s Parkinson’s Disease candidate salfinamide, and returned the...

ItalyItaly

15.12.2011

Genoa/Irvine – Researchers from the universities at Genoa and Irvine (US) have patented a new compound that blocks removal of the endo­cannabinoid painkiller anandamide from the synaptic space by a selective transport system....

ItalyItaly

01.10.2011

Parma/Baranzate – Chiesi Farmaceutici Spa has said it will lengthen its long-term collaboration with NiKem Research, which is focused on developing treatments within the respiratory therapeutic area. The two drug developers have...

ItalyItaly

01.10.2011

Milan/Turku – Biotie Therapies ASA’s announcement that it had signed an agreement to acquire Newron Pharma­ceuticals S.p.A. for €45m is both good and bad news for the Italian biotechnology sector. While Italy is losing one of its...

ItalyItaly

19.08.2011

Como – Shares in Gentium SpA lost about a third of their value on Thursday after The Italian biopharmaceutical company withdrew a marketing application for its drug Defibrotide being used against complications related to stem...

ItalyItaly

01.08.2011

Milan/London – Italy’s MolMed SpA has signed a deal with UK-based pharmaceutical giant GlaxoSmithKline to develop a production process for a gene therapy against the rare ‘bubble boy disease’. Over the next two years, GSK will...

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